Auguste Chabaud Biography

1882 :
on 3 October, Auguste Chabaud was born in Nîmes to a local family. His father was from a family of industrial tanners, his mother from a family of Protestant pastors.

1890 :
the family settled in Avignon, then in Graveson, where they owned a wine-producing property. He went to secondary school in Avignon.

1897 :
he enrolled at Avignon School of Fine Arts, where the painter Pierre Grivolas was his tutor.

1898 :
he continued to study art in Paris at the National School of Fine Arts (Cormon’s studio); at the Carrière Academy, Rue de Rennes, where he met Matisse, with whom he got on well, as well as Puy, Derain and Laprade; he also frequented the Jullian Academy, Rue du Dragon, and various independent academies.

1901 :
because of the crisis in wine-growing in the south of France, his parents could no longer support him. He became an apprentice sailor and navigated the coasts of Senegal and Dahomey. His father died during his absence. He returned to Graveson, where, while he was waiting to be called up for national service, he completed a series of drawings on butcher paper, inspired by life on the farm.

1902 :
he completed his national service in the colonial artillery in Tunisia, at Bizerte, then at Tunis.

1906 :
he returned from national service.

1907 :
he showed his work at the Salon des Indépendants and at the Salon d’Automne, where it was hung in the famous “Cage aux Fauves”. He divided his time between Graveson and Paris, where he spent long periods.

Here he painted scenes inspired by Parisian daily life: streets, riversides, cabarets, the Médrano circus etc. At first he lived in Montparnasse, on Rue Campagne-Première, then in Montmartre, on Rue Tholoset and Rue Müller. He was very independent; he lived reclusively, only seeing the sculptor Henri Laurens.

1908 :
he had his own exhibition for the first time in Toulouse, organised by Mr Malpel.

1910 :
he exhibited at Sagot’s gallery (Rue Laffite) and Berthe Weill’s gallery (Rue Victor Massé) along with Matisse, VanDongen, Camoin, Picasso, Raoul Dufy, Modigliani, Valadon, Valmier, Herbin and Utrillo.




1912 :
his own exhibition at the Bernheim Jeune et Cie Gallery in Paris. He wrote the preface for this himself, as a statement of intent.

1913 :
he participated in the first great exhibition of art in the United States: “The International Exhibition of Modern Art” (Armory show) in New York, in the Fauves group with Derain, Matisse, Vlamink etc.

1914-1918 :
he went to war. He returned with the Croix de Guerre medal. His brother Pierre and his cousin were killed at Verdun in 1916.

1919 :
he settled at Graveson in the family home, which he would only leave again on rare occasions.

he married a young woman from Graveson, with whom he would have 8 children. He lived for a while at Maussane at the foot of the Alpilles. From 1919 to 1925, he painted in what could be called his blue period, or his arbour period. He used pure Prussian blue.

1927 :
he took part in the famous quarrel with Abbot Brémond on pure poetry. Published “Poésie pure, Peinture pure”, Figuière, Paris.

1928 :
he published two novels in succession: “Le tambour Gauthier” and “Le taureau sacré”, Figuières, Paris. He lost his mother, and had to take over running the family home. He had his own exhibition at the Montaigne Gallery, run by Fernand Perdriel.

1929 :
he worked on his own; his fierce independence distanced him from any school of painters, and preserved him from any influence. He was content to exhibit from time to time, one or two canvases at the Salon des Indépendants, the Salon d’Automne or the Salon des Tuileries.

1937-1939 :
he had the misfortune to lose one of his sons.

1950 :
Jubilee Exhibition at the Granet Museum in Aix-en-Provence:  “Provence pays Tribute to Auguste Chabaud”.

1952 :
he returned to Paris after an absence of thirty-five years, for a retrospective exhibition: “50 Years of Painting” under the patronage of President Sarraut and the Secretary of State for Fine Arts, André Cornu (Volney circle, Paris). During these last years of his life, he painted the familiar countryside around the house, interiors, family scenes, in soft colours and in a calmer style.

1955 :
Auguste Chabaud died at his home, Mas Martin, in Graveson.




Musée de Région Auguste Chabaud
Cours National 13690 Graveson en Provence
Tel / Fax : 04 90 90 53 02